Category: Ancient Civilizations

Authorities do not all agree about the definition of civilization. Most accept the view that “a civilization is a culture which has attained a degree of complexity usually characterized by urban life.” In other words, a civilization is a culture capable of sustaining a substantial number of specialists to cope with the economic, social, political, and religious needs of a populous society. Other characteristics usually present in a civilization include a system of writing to keep records, monumental architecture in place of simple buildings, and an art that is no longer merely decorative, like that on Neolithic pottery, but representative of people and their activities. All these characteristics of civilization first appeared in Mesopotamia.

Several poems describe a god’s journey or procession by barge. These accounts probably relate to real-life rituals in which statues of gods were ferried from their home cities to a site of pilgrimage where they received a blessing. In the …

A Bountiful Harvest – Mythology of Ancient Mesopotamia Read More »

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Mesopotamia may not have had the world’s earliest myths, but it was almost certainly the first place where myths were written down. The Sumerian people invented cuneiform writing there around 3500 BC, and by 2500 the script was being used …

The Mythology of Ancient Mesopotamia ~ Introduction to Mesopotamian Mythology Read More »

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Napoleon Bonaparte and the Great Sphinx of Giza, Treasures of Ancient Egypt One of the world’s biggest riddles, the Great Sphinx of Giza has a mystery of its own. What happened to its nose? Despite evidence to the contrary, many …

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Who were the Vandals? It is generally believed that the word vandalism derives from the Barbarian vandals who sacked Rome in AD 455. In reality, the word has a more modern, civilized origin. The vandals were a Germanic barbarian tribe …

What is Vandalism? Who were the Vandals? Where did the Vandals come from? Read More »

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20 of my favorite Mythical Creatures To the best of my knowledge, none of the animals listed below is real, so please don’t get taken in by a huckster who wants to sell you one. 1 Dragon This legendary monster …

20 of my favorite Mythical Creatures Read More »

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