Category: Ancient Civilizations

Authorities do not all agree about the definition of civilization. Most accept the view that “a civilization is a culture which has attained a degree of complexity usually characterized by urban life.” In other words, a civilization is a culture capable of sustaining a substantial number of specialists to cope with the economic, social, political, and religious needs of a populous society. Other characteristics usually present in a civilization include a system of writing to keep records, monumental architecture in place of simple buildings, and an art that is no longer merely decorative, like that on Neolithic pottery, but representative of people and their activities. All these characteristics of civilization first appeared in Mesopotamia.

Acoustic Chambers of the Egyptian Pyramids

Pyramids in Egypt I could easily dedicate an entire article to the subject of acoustic chambers inside the pyramids of Egypt. I visit Egypt and the Great Pyramid on a regular basis, (at the time of writing I have been

Ancient Acoustic Musical Instruments

The Archaeoacoustics Field of Study Archaeoacoustics is the use of acoustical study within the wider scientific field of archaeology. This includes the study of the acoustics at archaeological sites, and the study of acoustics in archaeological artifacts. Over the last

Poetry from Ancient Sumeria

The Harpist from Ur Between two mighty rivers The Fertile Crescent expands Hanging Gardens Babel Tower Gates to Eden An old indigenous man Created a harp of his own Arched bough, silver and gold Lapis lazuli, ivory and pearl Sumerian

Proverbs from Ki-en-gir (Sumer), c. 2000 BCE

1. Whoever has walked with truth generates life. 2. Do not cut off the neck of that which has had its neck cut off. 3. That which is given in submission becomes a medium of defiance. 4. The destruction is

Enki and Ninursag, a Sumerian Myth

Enki and Ninursag Pure are the cities — and you are the ones to whom they are allotted. Pure is Dilmun land. Pure is Sumer — and you are the ones to whom it is allotted. Pure is Dilmun land.